"Bouillabaisse": a classic recipe gourmet French fish soup and its variants

French soup “Bouillabaisse,” a classic recipe and its variants we will consider was invented by the fishermen of Marseille. At the end of the day they counted the proceeds from the sold fish, and on the basis of the remaining catch was cooked the first meal on the campfire. The feature of “Bouillabaisse” in that it includes at least five species of fish.

“Bouillabaisse”: a classic recipe with a photo

Interesting is the fact that in a French restaurant, this fish soup is prepared in different ways. We can say that a single recipe of soup of Marseilles does not exist. Let’s start with this dish with the most common variant making it.

Choose marine fish of different types, preferably at least five. Although you can do three types of fish, for example, a good choice would be salmon, coho salmon, and trout.

Note! To prepare French fish soup suitable fish heads and scraps.

«Буйабес»: классический рецепт с фото


  • 2 kg fish platter;
  • 0.1 kg of different seafood;
  • onions – 3 PCs.;
  • pepper Bulgarian;
  • 3 tomato;
  • orange;
  • 0.1 kg of olives;
  • 2 tbsp pasta sauce or tomato;
  • 200 ml dry white wine;
  • 3 tbsp olive oil;
  • salt;
  • freshly ground pepper.


  1. Fish trimming and the head thoroughly washed, cut off the gills. Pour cold filtered water and put on to cook in the broth.Рыбные обрезки
  2. When the water boils, remove the foam appearing. Cook the broth at a minimum level of the burners for half an hour.
  3. Then remove the head and trim, cool.
  4. Separate the meat from the bones, the broth is filtered.
  5. Clean the vegetables, pepper cut the stem. Wash them.
  6. Will Nachinaem onion thin half-rings, carrot root, chop on a grater.
  7. The olive oil saute onion for a few minutes and add carrots.На масле оливы пассеруем лук
  8. Pepper shinkuem cubes and spread in a pan.Перчик шинкуем
  9. Wash tomatoes and drop in boiling water for a minute, then rinsed them with cold water. Now remove them from the peel.
  10. Cut tomatoes into cubes and sent to the rest of the vegetables.
  11. Enter the wine and tomato paste, stir and simmer until tender.Вводим вино и пасту
  12. Seafood will defrost in natural conditions.
  13. The broth boil and put into it the fried vegetables.
  14. Add fish meat and seafood.рыбное мясо
  15. From the orange, cut the zest and blend it.
  16. Add in soup, orange zest, salt, black olives and ground pepper.апельсиновая цедра оливы
  17. Cook soup for seven to eight minutes. Ready!

It’s fun! According to legend, this soup was offered Aphrodite Hephaestus of his wife.

Aromatic French ear

French soup “Bouillabaisse” perfectly complement the holiday menu. Try it, your guests will forever remain fans of this dish. Consider the option of making it with rice cereals and potatoes.

Tip! Spices of your choice on the peas of black pepper, dried Basil, nutmeg, ginger hammer, the nail.

французская уха


  • 100 g rice;
  • 800 g fish platter;
  • 200 g of seafood – mussels, shrimp and squid;
  • bow;
  • 8-9 Zubkov garlic;
  • tomato;
  • 3 PC stemmed celery;
  • 1 tbsp minced orange peel;
  • 1-2 leaves of Laurel;
  • a blend of spices;
  • 3 egg yolks;
  • 2 tbsp olive oil;
  • 0.5 tsp. of Cayenne pepper;
  • 1 baguette;
  • 2 potatoes;
  • 1 tbsp. semi-sweet white wine.

Attention! If you have frozen fish, defrost it in room conditions.


  1. First boil the fish broth. Prepare the fish: clean and wash. Cook the broth for half an hour.рыбный бульончи
  2. Then the broth must be filtered.
  3. The fish is cool, separate the bones from the fillet. Cut the fish fillet into large chunks.
  4. Clean seafood, squid fillets.Морепродукты
  5. And now the secret of French soup – a lot of spices. Take the gauze and spread it listed in the unique blend of spices. There lay the grated orange zest.морковь и специи
  6. Wrap the cheesecloth into a pouch. Thanks to this trick the spices will saturate the dish a unique flavor. Then the gauze will need to remove.
  7. Onion, celery root, garlic teeth clean and wash. Will Nachinaem their cubes.
  8. Tomatoes, too, peel off the skins and cut.Томат
  9. Potatoes clean, wash and boil. The finished potatoes will pummel with a fork.
  10. The olive oil fry onion, celery root and 5 garlic Zubkov. We need a cauldron!На масле оливы обжарим лук
  11. Put in a cauldron tomato.
  12. Enter the wine and stir.Вводим вино
  13. Now add the broth, a bag with spices, potatoes and fish fillets.картофель и рыбное филе
  14. Enter in the ear of rice. First thoroughly wash.
  15. Stir and cook the soup for twenty minutes. The level of the burner is minimal. The cover.
  16. For 3-4 minutes before end of cooking add to soup seafood, salt.добавим в уху морепродукты
  17. Take out the bag of gauze, burner off. Give the soup time to infuse.
  18. In the meantime, make a sauce for soup “Bouillabaisse”. The remaining teeth of garlic finely chop with a knife and combine with 2 tbsp. of olive oil.
  19. The yolks separated from the protein mass and put in the sauce.
  20. Add salt and pepper powder, thoroughly beat into a soft mousse sauce.
  21. Baguette cut and dried in the toaster.
  22. Pour soup on plates, put the sauce baguette. You can call the household to dinner.

Rich Marseilles ear

So, today, we have in menu soup “Bouillabaisse”. A classic recipe of Marseille fishermen involves the use of at least five different types of fish. Let’s examine it.

«Буйабес»: классический рецепт с фото


  • 1.8 kg red mullet;
  • 1 eel of the sea;
  • 10 small crabs;
  • 1 kg 300 g fish red Scorpion;
  • 1 kg 300 g feature of marine;
  • 1 kg 300 g John Dory;
  • 1 kg 300 g Gurnard red;
  • 1 kg of tomatoes;
  • onions – 4 PCs.;
  • 2-3 cloves garlic;
  • 2 tbsp tomato concentrate;
  • olive oil;
  • dill;
  • a leaf of Laurel;
  • parsley;
  • orange peel;
  • salt;
  • ground pepper;
  • 2 tsp of saffron.


  1. Vegetables clear, finely chop onion with a knife, garlic teeth, crush, and the tomatoes cut into four parts.
  2. In a pot warm the olive oil and spread the onion and garlic. Simmer at the minimum level of the burners.
  3. Enter the tomato concentrate and tomato. Will raise the average level of the burner and continue to cook.
  4. Pour in 3 liters of filtered water, add chopped herbs and orange zest. Zest spread whole, without crushing.
  5. Fish and crabs clean. Put in soup red mullet, eel, and seafood.
  6. Enter salt, saffron and ground pepper.
  7. Cook soup for half an hour at the average level of the burner.
  8. Take out the orange peel.
  9. Add the monkfish and John Dory. If necessary, add more filtered water. It needs to be covered all products.
  10. Cook for ten minutes and add the fish, the Scorpion and Gurnard red.
  11. Tormented ear still 6-7 minutes. Ready!
  12. Serve the soup with garlic-olive mayonnaise.

See also:

French soup “Bouillabaisse” is not only tasty, but also useful. Can you imagine how many vitamins contained in the fish and seafood! Cook with pleasure and Bon appetit!

The best basic exercises for shoulders in the gym and at home

Athlete with broad shoulders – the standard of male beauty. The wider the shoulders, especially noticeable a narrow waist and beautiful posture, so the entire figure looks very attractive. An owner of such a physique can be every man — unless, of course, will find time to perform basic exercises on the shoulders. Simple actions can give the amazing change!

Лучшие базовые упражнения на плечи

Beginner athlete, dissatisfied with the shape of the shoulders, you need to choose and regularly perform 1-2 exercises that provide the load of all three bundles of the deltoid muscle. In the process of training when the results are obvious, you can see which parts of the muscles need to be elaborated. Basic exercises for shoulders perform in the gym, but under condition of purchase of sports equipment will make a “gym” and in his own apartment.

In order to increase the volume and mass of muscles you want to pick a weight so that to raise the weighting 8-10 times without a break. If your dream is to turn muscles into a stronger, necessary ammunition, allowing you to do only 5-8 repetitions within sets.

Lifting barbells in a standing position

Подъем штанги в положении стоя

This is one of the fundamental exercises that will change state shoulders. Particularly strained medium beam deltas, but the front and rear beams is also actively involved in the process.

  1. Place your feet at a distance equal to the width of the shoulders.
  2. Grab the barbell with a standard grip and lift to your chest.
  3. During the completion of lifting exhale.
  4. Freeze in the moment “tops” of lift, and then slowly inhale lower the weight.

Performing the bench press, the back can be bent a little. Similar actions will be effective, if you replace the barbell weights.

The lift rod for the back of the head

Подъем штанги из-за затылка

These actions are included in the list of basic exercises to strengthen the shoulder girdle.

  1. Sit on a bench, with your back should be bent a little.
  2. Take the weights wide grip.
  3. Exhaling, squeeze the barbell up, while the upper limb should be completely straight.
  4. Inhaling, lower the weights behind your head.

Proceed smoothly, without haste and sudden movements. There is another embodiment of a press of a bar sitting with the optional lowering of the projectile to the chest and head.

Press the weights in a seated position

Жим утяжелителей в сидячем положении

What is the secret of popularity of this exercise? This bench how effective that regular exercise can make shoulders wider without additional loads. To check how true this statement is, you only need to buy dumbbells.

  1. Sit on the bench, are equipped with a support for the back.
  2. Straighten up, keep the chin parallel to the floor surface.
  3. Pick up the shells and lift to the eyebrows.
  4. Keep the elbows were deployed to the side and placed clearly under the brushes.
  5. Exhaling, powerfully press the weights up and connect them, making the reversal of the brush.
  6. Wait a few seconds, then inhale and lower your arms.

Note: movements of the upper limbs must remain in the same plane.

When you run this bench in any case be:

  • abruptly straightening my arms at the moment of maximum voltage;
  • to lean back more;
  • bend the back.

Jim Arnold

Basic exercises for shoulders with dumbbells it is difficult to imagine training without her beloved Arnold Schwarzenegger, you are an inspiration for most bodybuilders.

  1. Stay on the bench with a smooth vertical support for the back and press firmly to her back.
  2. Bend your legs at the knee joints at a 90º angle, place as much as possible and put your feet in the floor.
  3. Take in hand tools and lift to the neck, limbs bent at the elbows at right angles and turning brushes palms to your body.
  4. Exhale, press the weights vertically upward, expanding brushes palms out, elbows bent Express a little.
  5. At the end of the lift with the palms directed forward.
  6. Lifting dumbbells, hold for a few moments, then inhale and slowly return to the starting position, making the turning of the palms in the reverse order.

Choose the weights lower weight than usual, and don’t forget the jerks and haste threaten the loss of and injury to the vertebral column.

Lift weights to chin

Подъем отягощения к подбородку

This method of use allows the rod to pump the Delta middle beam and the trapezius muscle.

  1. Stand on one and take the weights straight grip, width of which is equal to 15 cm.
  2. Rod must be at the bottom.
  3. Exhaling, bring the shell to the chin – dilute elbows in the sides and lift on the vertical line.
  4. Hold it, feel the strain, then on the inhale return to starting position.

Be careful during exercise back and neck straight, the chin held horizontally. The top weighting is supposed to rise above the level of the shoulders, it is a prerequisite.

See also:

If the compliment of “strong shoulders” has to do with you, it’s time to start performing basic exercises on the shoulders. Universal load can change the shape and volume of the muscles of the shoulder girdle and prepare for more difficult sports. Let sport into your life, to the beauty and strength be your constant companions!

It became known how to prevent gray hair

Стало известно, как предотвратить появление седины

Women always do their best to look perfect. The issue of hair care is one of the key, so appear with age, grey hair is a moment you want, if not avoided, then at least maximally delay. And finally, experts have determined that it is necessary to do to prevent gray hair.

Previously, we wrote about why there is early graying. But if the causes are all clear, then there should be a tool that is able to prevent graying, although the structure of human skin with time, the process will start. But better later than sooner.

Why there is early graying: doctors found the cause 5 5 2
According to “Orthodox”to prevent gray hair (although the gray is in fashion) it is necessary to use sage, which is a good way to strengthen the gums, reduce the pain in the throat, etc.

как предотвратить появление седины

The fact that sage has a unique property that affects the structural elements of the epidermis: it can tint hair (it has keratinocytes) and to prevent the graying of tresses. To gray hair appearing before time, it is necessary to prepare a light infusion of Apple vinegar, water and leaves of this plant, all this to boil, cool, and deals on hair several times for seven days. The result will surprise you: gray hair will appear much later.

как убрать седину

No more panic to look in the mirror in search of gray hair.

предотвратить седину

And we also recommend that you read the material about why hair ripple in fashion again.

The main trend of 2015, the gray hair

Why hair ripple back in fashion and why wearing it is not a shame

Materials on the subject:

As quick and tasty to cook soup of sorrel: recipes from experienced Housewives

After the winter our body especially needs vitamins and useful microelements. And where to get them, if not in green? Its useful properties is famous for sorrel. It is possible to prepare a delicious soup or soup with meat. So, let’s figure out how to cook soup of sorrel. The best recipes we’ve collected for you in our article.

Culinary tips

How to cook soup of sorrel to become a true culinary masterpiece? This will help you the following tricks:

Как приготовить суп из щавеля

  • Sorrel soup you can cook both meat and vegetable broth. If you chose the second option, only immerse vegetables in cold water.
  • If the sorrel leaves are slightly withered, they can restore the original view. To do this, dip the herbs in cold vinegar-water solution and leave for ten minutes. The proportions of vinegar shall not exceed thirty grams.
  • The taste of the broth on the meat perfectly complement the celery root. And to give it a Golden hue, add while cooking the onion.
  • Little trick, put it in the soup a couple of pickles in the cooking process, and then throw them away. This will give the soup an incredible flavor.
  • In sorrel soup add the spinach, and smoked.
  • Especially tasty soup with sorrel and eggs.

Note! Contrary to popular belief, do not remove the foam when boiling meat broth. It is a large number of nutrients. Boil the broth, and then strain it through cheesecloth.

Fragrant soup from a sorrel with meat

Soup with sorrel recipe which we now examine, — full dinner dish can saturate the body with nutrients with just one serving. Besides, it is not considered heavy for our stomach, so it can be given even to children.

Суп со щавелем, рецепт


  • 0.3 kg of sorrel;
  • carrots;
  • bow;
  • 1-2 tbsp sunflower oil;
  • 3-4 potatoes;
  • 2 eggs;
  • salt;
  • freshly ground black pepper;
  • 250 g of any meat.

Attention! The same technology cooked soup from the frozen sorrel.


  1. Wash meat and put to boil the broth. When it is ready, cool the meat and, if necessary, separate it from the bone. The butcher cut the flesh in small cubes.
  2. Sorrel good wash and let it dry completely. Chop not too finely sorrel leaves.Нарежем не слишком мелко щавелевые листочки
  3. Carrots peel and wash. Will Nachinaem it in small cubes or grind on a grater.Морковь почистим и промоем
  4. Onion peel and finely Nachinaem.
  5. In a deep pan add a little sunflower oil and place in it the onion with the carrots.
  6. Saute vegetables for 4-5 minutes and add to it the sorrel.
  7. Fry all together for another three minutes, stirring occasionally.Обжарим все вместе еще три минутки
  8. The broth boil and pour into container with vegetables.Бульон вскипятим и перельем в емкость с овощами
  9. Potatoes clean and shinkuem small cubes.Картофелины чистим и шинкуем кубиками
  10. Add the root vegetables to the soup, and when it again boils, introduce salt and freshly ground black pepper. Can add other seasonings.введем соль и перчик свежемолотый черный
  11. When the potatoes reach almost tender, put the soup meat and cook it for five minutes. Turn off the stove and leave the soup a little brew.Выключите плиту и дайте супу немного настояться.
  12. Pre-boil hard boiled eggs and peel them. Cut the eggs in half.
  13. When serving in individual bowls of soup put half of the eggs.
  14. Soup of sorrel to the egg is ready!

Tip! Eggs can be added raw. Beat them and at the end of cooking enter a thin stream into the soup, constantly stirring it.

Cook a delicious soup with rice

Traditionally served a soup of sorrel with eggs. The recipe, which we offer, is unusual in that it is cooked the first dish of rice. It’s delicious, try it!

Суп из щавеля: рецепты приготовления с фото знаменитого блюда


  • 0.3 kg of meat;
  • 0.3 kg of sorrel;
  • 2 potatoes;
  • bow;
  • 2 eggs;
  • 3 tbsp of rice;
  • 1 tsp salt;
  • parsley;
  • celery root;
  • 2-3 leaves of Laurel;
  • a blend of spices.


  1. Prepare the list of needed products.Подготовим по списку нужные нам продукты
  2. Wash meat and place in saucepan.
  3. Onion peel and not cutting it, send to the meat. To make the dish of unsurpassed flavor in the onion put cloves.Лук почистим и, не разрезая его, отправим к мясу
  4. Pour the water and put on to cook in the broth. When the liquid boils, set the average level of the burner.
  5. Wasting no time, to cook hard boiled eggs.
  6. Potatoes clean and Nachinaem small pieces.Картофелины почистим и нашинкуем
  7. When the meat is ready, remove it and cut into portions pieces.
  8. Return the broth to the meat pieces and place the potatoes.
  9. Wash the rice well and add to the pot ten minutes after potatoes.Рис хорошо промываем и добавляем в кастрюлю
  10. The parsley and sorrel, wash it, dry it and grind.Петрушку и щавель промываем, обсушиваем
  11. Enter salt in the soup and blend of spices. Add chopped celery root, and Laurel leaves. Onions from the broth take out, he played a role.
  12. Eggs peel and chop. Place them in a soup.Яйца почистим и измельчим
  13. Add the sorrel and parsley and cook the soup for 8-9 minutes.Добавим щавель с петрушкой и проварим суп
  14. Turn off the stove and insist the dish with the lid closed for about twenty minutes. Ready!

Tip! Serve sorrel soup with croutons and sour cream.

Another interesting recipe in your piggy Bank

And, of course, is quite popular is the soup from canned sorrel. It turns out the same delicious and fragrant, like fresh greens.

суп из консервированного щавеля


  • 0,5 l canned sorrel;
  • 0,4 kg of meat;
  • 4-5 potatoes;
  • bow;
  • 2 eggs;
  • 1 tbsp sunflower oil;
  • salt;
  • freshly ground black pepper;
  • 2.5-3 litres of purified water.


  1. Cook the broth of the already known method. By the way, diet version of the dish uses chicken meat.
  2. Onion peel, chop. Saute onion in sunflower oil until transparent.
  3. Potatoes clean and cut small cubes.
  4. Boiled meat is also cut.
  5. Into the broth put the meat pieces, potatoes and browned onion. We introduce salt and freshly ground black pepper.
  6. Eggs will beat into a soft mousse thoroughly with a whisk.
  7. Once the potato is ready, put in the soup sorrel preserved.
  8. When the soup comes to a boil, a thin stream, stirring constantly, introduce the beaten egg mixture.
  9. After two minutes switch off the stove. Ready!

See also:

Sorrel soup is better to prepare in the spring when the greens are young. Although from canned and frozen product is tasty and flavorful first course. Cook with pleasure and Bon appetit!

Е913 – Lanolin

Е913 – ЛанолинAn ancient “magical” properties of lanolin known to people. The raw material to obtain it serves the fleece.

Lanolin was premessa in medicine, when she noticed the healing properties. Open wounds, skin diseases were the main diagnosis for the purpose to use this animal wax.

As a substance from the category of food additives this wax acts under the marking cyfrowym room E 913.

Owing to natural origin it level of risk to human health is minimal.

Since this wax (cream with him in the lineup) are allowed to lubricate breast-feeding swelling of the breast, then it is safe even for infants.

Origin: natural synthetic (natural raw material is treated with chemicals);

Category additives: wax, antiflaming, pairwise agent;

Danger: very low level;

Synonymous names: E 913, Lanolin, E-913, animal wax, acetylated lanolin, anhydrous lanolin, oxyethylated lanolin, lanolin hydrate, lanolin, tarini VSC, azetilirovaniu lanolin, bezvodne lanolin, oksietilirovannye lanolin, lanolin harati, Animal wax, acetylated lanolin, anhydrous lanolin, oxyethyl lanolin, lanolin hydrate.

General information

A method of obtaining lanolin – leaching fleece. For its take wool, wash it in a hot solution of lye and water until the emulsion. In this emulsion already contains the fats (saponification and neomillennial), wax, and protein components of mucus. Chrome, she has a rather unpleasant aroma.

To get the raw lanolin is used a method of centrifuge, the subsequent processing of the substance phosphoric acid. And already at the final stage of it removes bad smell, cleaned from various impurities, aromaticum and bleach.


The result of all this process is the greasy mass with a high level of viscosity, yellowish-brown color, without taste, but with a specific scent.

This wax is easy to dissolve in hydrocarbons, esters, chloroform, acetone. Its stability is manifested in relation to alcohol environments (moderate solubility), and water damage (does not dissolve at all).

Melting point E 913 is equal to 35-37 0C.

Effect on the body


As an additive to foods E 913 absolute harmless. Moreover, in the food industry it is used basically only as a component of mixes for fruit and vegetable processing.

Е913 – вред

Increasingly it is used in cosmetics.


The nutritional value of the animal wax is not particularly available. Benefits it brings in more quality medication.


In the food industry used lanolin as wax is intended for greasing pans and baking pan.

Also it is added to the mixture intended for processing fruits and vegetables. Thus, E 913 helps to extend the shelf life of the products.

This substance acts as in the role of impregnation of wrapping materials, various foodstuff.

Е913 – использование

Lanolin is applicable not only in the food industry. It is used in the cosmetic composition, and in the media and for the face (creams, lotions) and body (shower gels, lotions) and hair (mask, shampoo, conditionery).

In pharmacology the lanolin plays the role of a component of laxatives. Chemical production also used the substance.


Permitted lanolin as an additive to food products in almost all countries of the world. These include Ukraine, Russian Federation, Belarus and the countries of the European Union.

Е950 – Acesulfame potassium

Е950 – Ацесульфам калияAcesulfame potassium – a substance that in the list of the classification of food additives marked with code number E 950.

This is the food antiflaming. But, except for the role of flavor enhancer and aroma of the product atison (at least the common name of the substance) also often acts as a sweetener.

The level of risk to human health is regarded as moderate. And this is due to the purely synthetic nature of the additives.

Origin: 3-artificial;

Category additives: sweetener, antifading;

Danger: low-level

Synonymous names: E 950,Acesulfame potassium, Acesulfame K, Oticon, Acesulfame-K, E-950, Acesulfame Kalu, sunet, Acesulfame-K, Acesulfame Potassium, Acesulfame K, Sunett.

General information

Open of this Supplement to food was in the middle of the last century, in 1967. Described it for the first time by scientists-chemists from Germany.

The raw material for the additive acts as acetoacetic acid.

Physical characteristics E 950: form loose crystalline powder, white or colorless, pronounced sweet taste (longer than the sweetness of sucrose 200 times), a high level of solubility in water and low stability in relation to alcohol environments.

In high concentrations, this Supplement has the ability to transform its sweetness in the bitterness with a touch of metal. So often in the production of its combined with aspartame or Sucralose.


When heated, Acesulfame K to a temperature of 225 0C powder begins to melt and decompose.

In the same molecular chemical formula of Acesulfame-K will vygljadet as follows: C4H4KNO4S.

Effect on the body

In the body of this type substance is not metabolized. E 950 display memory full.


There are opinions that E 950 can cause tumor malignancy by continuously eating food with her. But, laboratory tests that were carried out by doctors and chemists, this hypothesis was not confirmed.

Frequent and abundant consumption of food with this Supplement in humans, might be signs of toxicity: nausea, headache, indigestion.


In large amounts this Supplement can cause dental cavities. But usually in food it is used together with other similar substances of the same group of additives, and because its concentrations are extremely small, and harm to human can’t.


Special nutritional value of this Supplement in itself does not carry.


As a sweetener, this substance acts composed sweet carbonated drinks, chewing gum and other confectionery products, where reduced levels of sugar and therefore calorie content.

Used E 950 in the bakery business, the manufacture of jams, marmalades, dairy products, dried fruit, fats.

Foods diet based on bran, grain (cereals) also available with the contents of atizona.

Е950 – использование

As a flavor enhancer and aroma of using this type substance in fish (and shellfish) and meat preservation, vegetable and fruit, in the production of ketchups, sauces, mustard, soups, pills, designed to freshen breath.

Among other applications for this additive are highlighted in pharmacology and cosmetology.


This Supplement to foods is permitted in all countries of the world in combination with other antiflaming. This is due to the fact that its level of risk sufficiently low level, and palatability, in comparison with other sweeteners are very bright and bring the high efficiency with the addition of a small quantity of powder into the product.

E951 – Aspartame

Е951 – АспартамAspartame or NutraSweet (a rare name) – a substance that acts as an additive to food products relevant documentation under the marking code E 951.

This is one of the brightest representatives of the group of sweeteners, because of its sweetness level exceeds 180-200 times the sweetness of fructose.

But, aspartame is an artificial additive, a substance not inherent in nature, and therefore has an intermediate level of risk to human health.

Origin: 3-artificial;

Category additives: sweetener & flavor and taste products;

Danger: average;

Synonymous names: E 951, aspartame, NutraSweet, N-L–aspartyl-L-phenylalaninamide ether, sladeks, L-Aspartyl-L-phenylalanine methyl E-951, aspartame.

General information

Because aspartame is a genetically engineered product, its structure is not similar to the structure of sugar. Chemical molecular formula of this substance would look like this: C14H18N2O5.

First got this stuff at the end of the last century. Today, due to the huge demand for this Supplement of its global production amounted to 10 000 tonnes per year.

Aspartame is the first and most popular sugar substitute.


The physical features and characteristics of a substance include: form of crystalline powder, white color, a pronounced sweet taste, no smell, high level of solubility in alcohol and water. The high level of stability manifests the substance in respect of fats and esters.

When heated to 247 0With aspartame melts and its sweetness is destroyed and disappears. This property of the substance linked to the fact of its application only in foods that do not require heat treatment.

Temperature 30 0C causes the collapse of aspartame and the formation of a particle of formaldehyde and highly toxic methanol. It is very important to hold the level of danger of the substance at a minimum not to expose it to heat (and, accordingly, the products containing the additive E 951).

Method of obtaining of aspartame – synthesis of L-amino acids, and more specifically, phenylalanine with aspartic acid.

Effect on the body


The average level of the dangers of this Supplement to human body is determined by the properties that appear when heated, and specifically, to release formaldehyde a substance is highly harmful and dangerous to living organism.

Regular intake of aspartame may experience headaches, nausea, culminating in vomiting, malignant neoplastic disease, obesity.

Е951 – вред

And drinks with aspartame is not simply quench your thirst, but on the contrary, greatly increase it.

A contraindication to ingestion of aspartame and foods containing this Supplement for people suffering from phenylketonuria.


Nutritional value in this additive E 951 not detected.


Aspartame is used in food production of products such as carbonated soft drinks, chewing gum, hot chocolate, candy, jelly beans, yogurt, sweet dairy products. Overall, more than five thousand items of food produced with the content of the additive E 951.

Е951 – использование

In the pharmaceutical industry this Supplement is a component of lozenges and cough syrups of sugar substitutes for diabetics and obese.


To reduce the level of danger of the substance to the human body was established by the international daily value of its application in food products, which amounted to 50 mg per kg of the total weight of the finished product. In Europe this rate is somewhat reduced to 40 mg per kg of product.

And subject to the rules of this additive is permitted for use in food in all countries of the world.

Curly hair: how to care for them (SELECTION MEANS)

Curly hair can how to make your image interesting and ruin it completely. By the way, did you know that in Ancient Greece men with curly hair was considered the vicegerents of the gods on earth so know often wound themselves different hair curlers (all for a higher power).

Top 6 secrets to caring for curly hair How to care for curly hair 4 5 1
And in the Middle ages, curly hair, and redheads were considered demons in the flesh. Therefore, the meaning of their hairstyles choose you: walk as vicar of the gods or as the demon of passion.

The process of caring for curly hair is different from caring for straight. This is because curly hair is different in its structure at the cellular level. The curls are quite different: from small to large, naughty and calm.

It is no secret that when it comes to hair care, you should choose the right shampoo, don’t be squeamish body means and other beauty stray.

You should avoid funds that promise voluminous hair. Shampoo with volume effect can be a “real sheep”.

Shampoo for curly hair is much different from the rest. In these shampoos is a decent amount of oils (jojoba oil, almond oil, etc.). The aim is to strengthen the hair, nourish the scalp and control the work of sebaceous glands.

So, after you wash the head, be sure to put on hair conditioner or hair conditioner. They allow you to smooth the hair scales and to remove the static effect (the hair is not electrified). And get rid of the appearance of split ends.

Will not prevent the use of procedures such as lamination of hair or kartirovanie.

By the way, do not forget that curly hair should avoid shampoos and other means that give volume. First, you will become a real sheep, and secondly, the silicones that are found in these means deprive the hair of the last of moisture, making them brittle.

Also see a selection of care products for curly hairthat will definitely help you to make a beautiful hairdo.

Sulfate-free shampoos: for and against Best hairstyles for curly hair How to make curls long held: 5 effective tips What hairstyle for wavy hair will not damage their structure How to wash head for beauty hair Trend 2016 how to make easy sloppy curls All shades of red: why and how to dye your hair in the fiery color Sleeping beauty: the basic rules of hair care before bed

Balm for dry hair: choose and understand the product (SELECTION MEANS)

Chikhirtma chicken in Georgian: preparing spicy soup

Georgia is famous not only for its amazing and picturesque resorts or colourful traditions. The kitchen of this country gave the world many culinary tasty dishes which can be called international. Today we will discuss how to prepare chikhirtma chicken in Georgian.

Look for the culinary horizon

Dining almost every meal consists of at least two meals. The first in our country to prepare borscht or various soups. If your household tend to be spicy and unusual food with exquisite taste, for sure they will enjoy chikhirtma in Georgian. The recipe for this soup is quite simple, what can be said about the taste.

Note! There is a perception that such an easy soup with original flavor quickly satisfies hunger. This dish has another amazing feature – eliminates the symptoms of a hangover.

чихиртма из курицы по-грузински


  • chicken fillets;
  • 6pcs heads of onions;
  • 1 tbsp vinegar;
  • 5 pieces of chicken eggs;
  • bunch fresh cilantro;
  • salt to taste the sea food.


  1. The chicken defrosts in a natural way. Better the evening to put it in a bowl and put on the top shelf of the refrigerating chamber.
  2. Chilled chicken carcass to cut into portions.
  3. Each piece is carefully washed with running water, and remove remaining moisture with a paper towel.
  4. Put the chicken in thick-walled dishes.
  5. Onions cleaned from the husk and shinkuem rings.
  6. Add the onions to the chicken, stir.
  7. In this form, put the chicken on the stove and simmer over moderate heat.ставим курицу на плиту
  8. If poultry meat is not too fatty, add in a pan with a little filtered water, to avoid burning.
  9. When poultry meat is cooked and onions are cooked, in a saucepan, add the right amount of water, about 8-10 tbsp. of the nominal volume of 250 ml.мясо птицы приготовится
  10. Actively stir and bring the liquid to a state of boiling.
  11. Add to taste sea salt and cilantro.соль и кинза
  12. After boiling chicken proverjaem exactly 10 minutes and then with a slotted spoon and spread on a dish.
  13. Filter the broth. Onion and cilantro thrown.Процеживаем бульон
  14. Pour strained broth into a clean bowl.
  15. The cooled chicken meat separated from the bones.
  16. Crack eggs and carefully separate whites from yolks.
  17. Actively whisk, beat the egg yolks.
  18. In the process of whipping, add wine vinegar.
  19. Pour a thin stream into the broth beaten egg yolks.в бульон взбитые желтки
  20. In a serving plate put a slide poultry meat and cover with broth.
  21. It is possible to taste add finely chopped greens.

Gourmet note

Housewives and novice cooks who love to experiment, wondering how to cook a chikhirtma. There are many variations. From a selected set of spices and herbs depends on the taste of the Georgian soup.

Note! If you don’t have vinegar you could substitute freshly squeezed lemon juice in the same proportion.

как приготовить чихиртму


  • chicken – 0.5 kg;
  • to taste wine vinegar;
  • a bit of butter;
  • 2 heads of onions;
  • egg – 4 PCs.;
  • bunch of greens;
  • the taste of saffron, salt, Pertseva mixture;
  • 2 tbsp sifted flour.


  1. Prepare chicken, wash it under running water and put in a thick-walled pot.
  2. Pour the meat birds filtered water and put it on the stove.
  3. The usual way, boil the broth. Do not forget to remove the resulting foam.
  4. When the broth is almost ready, add salt to taste.
  5. Onions clean from the husk and Nachinaem cubes.
  6. In a pan melt the butter.
  7. Put the onions and we sauté it until Golden.
  8. When the onions are cooked, pour the sifted flour and mix thoroughly.
  9. Watch closely to the gas station to avoid lumps.
  10. Saffron, about 1 tbsp, pour into a glass and fill it with spice boiled hot water.
  11. Let’s stir and set aside until aside.
  12. Boiled fowl put the broth into a bowl, cool and remove bones.
  13. Into the broth put fried onion and continue to cook chikhirtma on low heat.
  14. Separate the egg yolks and lightly they will beat into a soft mousse.
  15. In the soup, add the prepared dressing of saffron, egg yolks and wine vinegar.
  16. Proverjaem just a couple of minutes and constantly stir, otherwise the yolks will curdle.
  17. Finished chikhirtma seasoned with chopped herbs.
  18. Do not forget the plate add the boiled fowl.

Georgian chicken soup “Chikhirtma”

A notable feature of this first course is the fact that there is absolutely no grounds. We do not add vegetables or grains. The basis of poultry meat, while in Georgia the classic version of cooking chihirtma involves the use of lamb.

As already mentioned, there are many recipes for this chihirtma in Georgian. Here is one of them.

Грузинский куриный суп «Чихиртма»


  • 0.4 kg of chicken meat;
  • onions – 1 PC.;
  • pepper and salt – to taste;
  • bunch fresh cilantro;
  • a bunch of dill;
  • 1 carrot;
  • a bunch of parsley;
  • a pinch of sugar;
  • 1 tbsp white wine;
  • 1 tbsp flour sifted;
  • egg – 2 PCs.


  1. As usual, prepare the poultry. Let’s thaw it, wash under running water and cut portions.
  2. Put chicken in a saucepan and pour 2.5 liters of filtered water.
  3. The usual way, boil the broth.
  4. Boiled chicken with a slotted spoon extracted from the broth and put in a plate to cool.
  5. Carrots peel, wash and grate.
  6. The onion clean and cut.
  7. Crack eggs and carefully whisk them with a whisk.
  8. Add to egg mixture, the sifted flour, 2 tbsp chicken broth and white wine.
  9. Rinse the herbs and finely chop with a knife.
  10. For flavor you can add a few garlic cloves.
  11. Greens and garlic added to the broth.
  12. Back into the soup put boiled meat, separated from bones.
  13. A thin stream pour the egg filling.
  14. Quickly and rapidly stir the chikhirtma, the egg mass is not converted into flakes.

See also:

Georgian cuisine has won the hearts of millions of foodies around the world. If you want to add variety to the everyday menu, try the chikhirtma. This soup is prepared quickly, it turns out incredibly tasty and satisfying. Bon appetit!

E955 – Sucralose (trichlorogalactosucrose)

E955 – Сукралоза (трихлоргалактосахароза)Sucralose is a substance that is used as an additive to foods acts in the relevant documentation under the classification marking E 955. Additive belongs to the category of sweeteners.

And despite its purely artificial nature origin it does not cause dental caries, and the level of risk is assessed as minimal. In addition, the Supplement is this refers to calorie-free products.

E exceeds the sweetness of sugar, 600 times, and in comparison with the E 955 saccharin sweeter in two, and with aspartame – four.

In addition, differentiates this Supplement from aspartame its higher resistance against heat and a broader range of pH balance. This is why Sucralose is used in products long save.

Origin: artificial;

Category additives: sweetener, antiflaming;

Danger: minimum level;

Synonymous names: E 955, Sucralose, trichlorogalactosucrose, sucralose, trichlorogalacto-sucrose,SucraPlus, Splenda, TGS, TGS.

General information

In the form of molecular chemical formulas to Express the additive E 955 can be thus: C12H19Cl3O8.

Physically, the additive is a crystalline powder form, white color, with good solubility in aqueous media. The smell of this substance is missing, and the taste is cloyingly sweet.

Chemical name Sucralose – trichlorogalactosucrose, and the method of its receipt, it’s a five-speed processing of sugar sulfurylchloride. This method was discovered in 1976 in the UK.

Effect on the body

Installed maximum daily dose for use, E 955, she is 15 mg of powder per kg of body weight of a person. In the body Supplement that defies assimilation and, accordingly, removed from it in unchanged form through the kidneys. The inference process usually lasts 24 hours.

E955 – Общая информация 

It is not the substance enters the brain is unable to pass through the placental barrier in pregnant women, or penetrate into breast milk. Not releases insulin, does not react with nutrients. So the Supplement is perfectly safe for pregnant diabetics and other people.


There are opinions that are not supported by any scientific evidence and research indicating that in excess of the rules of use of E 955 substance it can cause immunosuppression, hormone disruption, neurological imbalances, tumors, weight gain and allergic reactions.

E955 – вред

But it is important to repeat that no confirmation of these opinions are not available. And additive E 955 is by far the safest among the substitutes.


The nutritional value of this substance also does not carry. Its benefit lies only in the taste of its qualities and absolute safety for human health.


In food production Sucralose is used in the manufacture of such foods as pastries and chocolate products, cocoa butter, soft drinks, baked goods, pastry, sauces, marinades, chewing gum.

E955 – использование

Sold by Supplement-powder and in free form as a sugar substitute for diabetics.

In addition to food industries using this type of substance in pharmaceuticals for the manufacture of some types of medicines: cough syrups, frostings for pills with an intense bitter taste.


This permitted additive to foods in the United States of America, the Russian Federation, Australia, EU countries, Canada, Ukraine, and Belarus. Due to this fact the overall safety of the substance for human health.